Suppose someone built a car with everything as it should be,
but instead of the usual tires, they filled the
inner tubes with concrete, or left out the steering wheel. The car would
still go, but it would not be very efficient. Just one change to one
significant variable would spoil the performance of the whole machine.
In a similar way, if there was any significant alteration to any of the
mechanisms which comprise our galaxy, or our solar system, or our planet, or
our environment, or our own bodies, we would be either dead, or hovering on
the brink of extinction. Let me explain, what I mean in laymans terms.
The speed at which our galaxy turns is important. Any faster or slower and
catastrophe would soon follow. The fact that our sun is a medium size and
very stable is also important. Many stars emit huge solar flares, but ours
doesnt. We also whiz through a very empty, and therefore safe area of the
Our Earth has a tilt of exactly the right angle. This ensures seasons, which
bring warmth periodically to the surface, and also help the oceans
circulate. The circulation of water is important for all life, as it carries
oxygen and nutrients to all parts of the planet, and also mixes fresh with
salt, and cold with warmer waters. The spin of the planet is just right too
- any faster or slower and many disadvantageous things would happen. Earth
also orbits the sun in a circle, rather than an ellipse - an ellipse would
cause the planet to freeze and boil, but a circle is exactly the right shape
to support life.
The moon orbits at just the right distance and speed from Earth to create
tides. The tides cause water to break on shores, which oxygenates the water.
Without the tides the oceans would die along with all life in them. If the
moon were smaller, the tides would be too small, if it were larger the tides
would devastate and erode the land. If the moon were closer it would be
crushed by Earths gravity, if further away it would spiral off into space.
The moon is also made of a very reflective mineral, which means that it
gives light to the Earth at night (see Genesis 1:16).
The biosphere of Earth is a fully integrated system, including many
subsystems. One simple subsystem is the fact that plants absorb carbon
dioxide and give off oxygen, while animals absorb oxygen and give off carbon
dioxide. The whole natural realm displays interdependence like this. Flowers
need bees, bees need flowers. Symbiosis and mutualism are two terms that
scientists have coined to express this mutual interdependence in nature.
Moving into chemistry we find more evidence of fine tuning. For example,
Stephen Hawking (an evolutionist and theoretical physicist) has written that
it is an interesting feature of protons that they are 1.836 times heavier
than electrons, and that this ratio is essential to the formation of
molecules that are the building blocks of all life. The precise ratio
between protons and electrons is a fundamental number governing the
universe. He said, "The remarkable fact is that the values of these numbers
seem to have been finely adjusted to make possible the development of life."
Taken all together, the numbers stack up against any of these things being
the result of random chance. The universe and life are best explained in
terms of some Intelligent Designer. But who might this Designer be? The
Bible says his name is Jesus.
What Genesis Refutes
The story of creation in the Bible contradicts the major
philosophies of life as they are often given to us today. For example, the
Bible begins by saying in the beginning, God existed, and contradicts the
philosophy of atheism. Atheism means "no theism; no God." Atheism is the
view that says, "I know beyond a shadow of a doubt there is no God. God does
not exist. We are alone in the universe, floating around on a planet in
outer space. We are all that there is. There is no God." The Bible, by
contradiction to that, says, "In the beginning, God was there. God has
always been there. God will always be there."
Secondly, the Bible also contradicts the idea of pantheism, the idea that
all things are God. God is everything, and everything is God. The
philosophy of pantheism says, "The trees are God, the flowers are God, the
Earth is God, the sky is God, everything is God." The problem with that,
logically, is, if God is everything, then in reality God is nothing! He is
no thing that is unique and distinct from everything else If something is
everything, it is ultimately nothing. That is, it is no thing in
particular. But the Bible says that God is not part of the creation; God is
the Creator, who uniquely, distinctly created the world, separate from
Himself, by the power of His spoken word.
Thirdly, the Bible contradicts the philosophy of polytheism, which is
found in so many primitive cultures. This is the idea that there are poly
many - gods. There are gods for this and gods for that, and everybody has
their own god to worship. The Bible, in contradiction to that, says there
is only one God. The Lord God Himself, Elohim, spoke the world into
existence, and did so instantaneously and dramatically. He is the only God,
the Creator of Heaven and Earth.'
The Bible also contradicts the philosophy of materialism, the idea that
matter is eternal. Some would try to argue that the world has always been
here. Material things have always existed, so ultimately, all that God ever
did is reshape what was already here.
Or some maintain that there is no God, and the material universe created and
shaped itself. By contradiction to that, the Bible says there was a time
when nothing was here except God. God spoke the world into existence, and it
appeared instantly from nothing. Matter is not eternal. Matter, in fact, is
aging, wearing out, and running down all the time.
The Bible also contradicts humanism, the
philosophy that man is the measure of all things. Humanism is the concept
that "I am the one around whom the world ought to revolve."
This philosophy teaches that human beings are the ultimate apex of the
evolutionary process, against which all other things are to be measured.
Another version of that is called naturalism. It teaches that nature is
really the ruler of all things.
In the end, the weeds win. The jungle takes over. Nature conquers all.
From this comes the idea of evolution, that life has evolved from lower life
forms. The Bible makes it clear that species can adapt over a period of
time. But it never gives us the idea that mankind merely evolved as an
accident of natural processes. Instead, the Bible emphasizes very strongly,
very' powerfully, and very clearly that God Himself is the Creator of the
universe. God brought life into existence.
One of the fundamental principles of science is that non-living things
cannot produce living things. Dead things cannot produce living things. Two
cannonballs cannot get together and have a beebee! Two chairs cannot get
together and have a footstool. It is absolutely impossible. Non-living
things cannot reproduce. It takes life to produce life. The message of the
Bible is that God, who is life itself, created the
world, and created you and me. Therefore, we are responsible and accountable
We cannot simply say, "I'm going to live life by myself. I'm going to do my
own thing. It doesn't matter how I live. Millions of years from now, it will
not have made any difference at all. I'm just a 'blip' on the biological
radar screen of life."
Instead, the Bible tells us that an infinite, personal God has created us,
brought us into existence, so that we might have a relationship with Him.
Our lives have meaning and purpose because we reflect the ultimate purpose
of the God of creation Himself.
Dr. Edward Hindson, Assistant to the Chancellor, Liberty University
Purpose of Creation
Ultimately, the creation of God's world was accomplished
immediately by the power of His spoken word. The world has meaning and
significance because it is not here as an accident of chance. Rather, it was
created by the direct intervention by a Divine Being, who is a personal and
sovereign God. God is unique and distinct from His creation. God has
uniquely existed from eternity, and He created the world from nothing,
instantly, powerfully and dramatically, by the power of His spoken Word. Yet
the God who created that world did so for a reason and a purpose. He was
moving toward the apex of the creation: "And God said, Let us make man in
our image..." (Genesis 1:26).
This verse contains a plural reference to God. It refers to the tri-unity of
God Himself - Father, Son and Spirit. It is God the Father who plans and
initiates the creation. It is the Spirit of God who moves over the planet.
And the New .Testament tells us it is the Son of God, by whom all things
are.. Created, and through whom all things
"consist," or hold together (Colossians 1: 16-17). God the Father, the Son,
and the Spirit were actively involved in the creation of the world.
So God created man in His own image and likeness. The Bible makes it very
clear that you and I are not accidents of chance. We are not just here as a
result of scientific processes. God may use those processes to shape and
develop life as time goes on, but it is God who has initiated that creation
as a unique and distinct action of His own. He has ultimately made you and
me in His image and likeness.
The Beginning of Life
The Bible tells us that God instantly created life and the
various life forms. Every day of creation is spoken of as a specific day.
Genesis used the Hebrew word yom for the word "day," a word that always
means a 24-hour period of time, especially when it is used with a number:
day one, day two, day three and so on. In fact, in Exodus 20: 11, the
Scripture specifically says God created the world in six days. That is why
the Jews rested on Sabbath, the seventh day.
There are three things in the biblical account of creation that are evident
from the very beginning. First of all, the creation is instantaneous;
secondly, it has an appearance of age; and thirdly, species tend to develop
after their kind, or after their type. In other words, the Bible begins with
the assumption that God exists and that the God that exists is the God that
created the world instantaneously.
God took nothing and instantaneously made something appear out of nowhere.
All of a sudden, instantly, He made the world appear. God created that world
from nothing by the power of His Own creative genius.
If God can make a planet appear out of nowhere, then it automatically looks
older than it really is. If He can create Adam and Eve instantly, He can
make them appear to be older than they are. Adam was not an infant crawling
around on the ground. He was created as a full-grown man. He already looked
like he was 20 or 30 years old when in reality he was brand new.
God's creation is an instantaneous creation that carries with it the
appearance of being older than it really is. God can make something appear
from nothing and give it an appearance of age. That means that when you and
I look at the world in which we live, it already appears older than it
But that is not to say that there are not processes that take place on the
planet. Rivers had to cut their way through canyons. Moving water shaped
mountains and valleys. Moving ice did the same thing. In fact, when we
consider the impact of the flood of Noah's day, we discover that much of
what we see on the planet today was carved and cut by the flood. The Grand
Canyon was not formed because the Colorado River just slowly trickled away
in the bottom of the canyon. If you go there and look at it today, it is
just laying there doing almost nothing. Instead, that was cut by a massive
wall of water moving at one time during the great deluge. Natural Bridge in
Virginia is another such example.
Dr. Edward Hindson, Assistant to the Chancellor, Liberty
The Bible declares that God created the world instantaneously, by the
power of His spoken Word. Yet the theory of evolution says that the world
evolved over a period of billions of years. Every year, when America's young
people go back to school, they are confronted with the challenge of
evolution in the public schools. The tragedy for many of our Christian young
people is that they end up confused.
On the one hand, they have been taught the biblical account that God created
them in His own image and likeness. They are then told, "No, you're the
product of an accident of chance. A series of evolving events over billions
of years finally led to the development of the human race." It is no wonder
they are confused .
When we open the pages of the Bible, we find in Genesis Chapter 1, the six
days of creation are summarized. Then in Chapter 2, the six days of creation
are scrutinized. In the first chapter of the Book of Genesis, notice that
the Bible begins with two major facts. First of all, it begins with the fact
of God Himself. "In the beginning God created..." (Genesis 1: 1).
Secondly, the fact of creation is presented. The Hebrew Bible begins
with the word bereshith. It is the Hebrew word for beginning. Genesis
is the Latin word for beginning. The Book of Genesis is the book of
beginnings. It records the onset of time as we know it. For until God
created a material universe that is time sensitive, there was, in essence,
no time. God has always existed from eternity past and He always will exist
into eternity future as well. In the beginning of time, the God who, was
already there - Elohim, as He is called in the Hebrew text, created the
Heavens and the Earth.
The Hebrew word "created" is the word barah. It means that God literally
created the entire world. He initiated the creation distinct from Himself.
He did not take preexisting matter, form it and shape it. He literally
created the world from nothing. The Latin theological term for that is ex
nihilo "from nothing." The Bible says God spoke the world into existence